Anatomy & Physiology

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Questions 1 to 25: Select the best answer to each question. Note that a question and its answers may be split across a page


Break, so be sure that you have seen the entire question and all the answers before choosing an answer.


1. A patient is having problems with the function of the small intestines. What will this problem most likely affect?

A. Lubrication

B. Acid secretion

C. Nutrient absorption

D. Waste storage

2. A patient is told that she has a joint disorder that’s caused by an infection. What type of disorder does this person have?

A. Bursitis

B. Osteoarthritis

C. Gout

D. Septic arthritis


3. What are the constituents of DNA?

A. Lipids, nitrogenous bases, and proteins

B. Sugars and lipids

C. Sugars, phosphates, and nitrogenous base

D. Proteins and sugars


4. A person needs to lie on the stomach to expose the back for a procedure. In which position will the person be placed?

A. Prone

B. Supine

C. Fowler’s

D. Trendelenburg


5. Which one of the following processes is achieved through osmosis?

A. Transport of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus

B. Particles of oxygen filling the lungs

C. A cube of sugar dissolving in coffee

D. Water moving across the cell membrane

6. Which part of the endoplasmic reticulum synthesizes lipids and steroids?

A. Smooth

B. Rough

C. Cilia

D. Flagella


7. A 22-year-old man is stabbed in the chest. Which organ systems are most likely to be directly injured?

A. Nervous and circulatory systems

B. Respiratory and circulatory systems

C. Respiratory and reproductive systems

D. Digestive and endocrine systems


8. During an emergency room examination for an injured arm, the physician palpates the arm’s entire length, starting at the shoulder and ending at the fingers of the hand. This process takes him from a(n)_______ position.

A. anterior to ventral

B. proximal to distal

C. right to left

D. coronal to transverse


9. When you do a push-up from the floor, what kind of movement describes the motion of your elbow?

A. Extension

B. Rotation

C. Flexion

D. Abduction


10. The skin plays a major role in

A. absorption of vitamin A and certain drugs.

B. temperature regulation and sensation.

C. retention of oxygen and excretion of carbon dioxide.

D. synthesis and storage of proteins.


11. What is the medical term for the kneecap?


A. Tarsus

B. Femur

C. Patella

D. Tibia


12. Muscles are attached to bones by

A. ligaments.

B. cartilage.

C. nerves.

D. tendons


13. A patient is infected with an organism that enters the cell and uses the cell’s energy parts to grow and multiply. What type of organism is causing this patient’s infection?


A. Protozoa

B. Fungi

C. Virus

D. Bacteria


14. In which phase of the cell cycle are the chromosomes split?

A. Prophase

B. Metaphase

C. Telophase

D. Anaphase


15. What is the mechanism that maintains a stable environment within the body?

A. Prognosis

B. Symptoms

C. Syndrome

D. Equilibrium


16. A person is diagnosed with a problem with the gall bladder. Which part of the abdomen will be examined for this problem?


A. Left upper quadrant

B. Right lower quadrant

C. Right upper quadrant

D. Left lower quadrant


17. A person has a sideways curvature of the vertebral column. What type of curvature does this person have?


A. Kyphosis

B. Ptosis

C. Scoliosis

D. Lordosis


18. The process of breaking a complex substance down into smaller components is called


A. catabolism.

B. neutralization.

C. anabolism.

D. metabolism.


19. A patient has a problem with adjusting water balance and tissue metabolism. Which structure within the endocrine system regulates these functions?


A. Thymus

B. Pituitary gland

C. Adrenal glands

D. Pancreas


20. While being examined, a patient is found to have problems moving the thumb. Which type of joint is being affected?


A. Saddle

B. Hinge

C. Gliding

D. Pivot


21. During football practice, a high school student injures the left pectoral girdle. Which bones are affected by this injury?


A. Clavicle and scapula

B. Scapula and humerus

C. Clavicle and ischium

D. Scapula and radius


22. The function of smooth muscle is to provide


A. rapid contractions.

B. involuntary movement.

C. cushioning around the joints.

D. skeletal support.


23. A eukaryotic cell in a human body has just reproduced assexually. Which of the following has mostl likely just occurred?


A. Mitosis

B. Meiosis

C. Fertilization

D. Metastasis


24. Glucose is the main source of cell energy, but any glucose that can’t be used immediately is stored for future use as


A. fat.

B. carbohydrates.

C. galactose.

D. glycogen.


25. Chromosomes can be seen only during

A. neutralization.

B. active transport.

C. cell division.

D. meiosis.





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